Clinical Test Results

Blood Pressure


Your blood pressure, the force of which your blood flows through your arteries, is an important factor of your heart health. From your results, the top number represents your blood pressure when the heart contracts (systolic), while the bottom number represents your blood pressure when your heart is at rest between beats (diastolic). The following numbers will help you determine if you have a healthy blood pressure.

Blood Pressure


Blood Pressure Classification
Systolic Reading  Diastolic Reading
Normal
Less than 120  Less than 80
Prehypertension
120-139 80-89
Hypertension 1
140-159  90-99
Hypertension 2
160+ 100+

Reduce Blood Pressure


To reduce your blood pressure, reduce your diet's sodium intake and avoid saturated and trans fat. Instead of fats, eat a well-rounded diet of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meats. Exercise also helps to treat and prevent high blood pressure. Other factors that may be contributing to high blood pressure include high levels of stress and anxiety, alcohol, and tobacco. View more information on high blood pressure.

Blood Cholesterol Levels


Your total cholesterol levels make up both HDL (good) and LDL (bad) cholesterols. HDL cholesterol protects you from heart disease by removing plaque and bad cholesterol in your bloodstream. LDL cholesterol is harmful and builds up with plaque in your arteries to cause heart disease. Your total cholesterol level is your HDL plus LDL. The following numbers show desirable ranges for HDL, LDL, and total blood cholesterol according to the American Heart Association.

HDL Cholesterol Levels


Cholesterol Classification
Cholesterol Level
High Risk
Less than 40
Lower Risk
40-59
 Optimal (protective) 60 and above 


LDL Cholesterol Levels


LDL Classification
 Cholesterol Level
Optimal
< 100 mg / dL
Near / Above Optimal
100 - 129 mg / dL
Borderline High
130 - 159 mg / dL
High
160 - 189 mg / dL
Very High
> 190 mg / dL

Total Cholesterol Levels


Total Cholesterol Classification
Cholesterol Levels
Desirable
< 200 mg / dL
Borderline High
200 - 239 mg / dL
High
240 mg / dL and above

Factors that negatively effect your cholesterol levels include inactivity, poor diet, and stress. Learn more about cholesterol.


Triglycerides


Triglycerides are the "bad fats" from foods and are harmful to the body. A high level of triglycerides, in combination with high LDL cholesterol, substantially increases the risk of heart disease. The range of triglycerides, as described by the American Heart Association, is detailed below.

Triglyceride Levels


 Triglyceride Classification
Triglyceride Level
Optimal
< 100 mg / dL
Normal
< 150 mg / dL
Borderline High
150 - 199 mg / dL
High
200 - 499 mg / dL
Very High
> 500 mg / dL

You can control your triglyceride levels by maintaining a healthy weight (losing 5% to 10% of your body weight can greatly improve triglyceride levels), avoiding trans and saturated fats, and avoiding alcohol and tobacco. View more information about triglycerides.

Blood Glucose


Chronically high levels of blood glucose put you at risk for developing type II diabetes, which is when the body develops insulin resistance. The ranges for your fasting blood glucose levels are below.

Blood Glucose Levels


Blood Glucose Classification
Blood Pressure Level
Normal 70 - 100 mg / dL
Prediabetes
100 - 125 mg / dL
Diabetes
126 mg / dL or above


Following normal dietary and exercise guidelines can help to maintain healthy blood glucose ranges. To decrease unhealthy blood glucose levels, the American Diabetes Association recommends exercising more frequently and cutting down your meal portions. However, you should consult your doctor if you think you may be at risk for diabetes.

Find more information on diabetes and blood glucose and take a short Type II Diabetes Risk Test.