Fire Safety Lessons for Fifth Grade

Fire Triangle

Objective:  By the end of this lesson, students will understand the 3 components of fire and how to prevent one.
Time needed: 15 minutes
Supplies needed:  White board, dry erase marker

Activity:
  1. Draw a triangle on the white board.
  2. Ask the group if they can name the three components of fire (don’t be surprised if they cannot do this – expect that you will have help them along). Write “heat”, “oxygen” and “fuel” on each line of the triangle.
  3. Define each element (Oxygen: in the air around us at all times Fuel: anything that can burn Heat: anything that can ignite a fuel).
  4. Ask students to name different things in room which are fuels.
  5. Ask students to name different heat sources (ie: heating, electricity, matches, cooking).
  6. Explain that without each component, fire cannot exist. Discuss why it is important to keep the three elements of fire apart to prevent fires.
Review of Kindergarten-4th Grade Grade Concepts

Time required: 15 minutes
Supplies needed: Red and Green cards (1 of each per student)

Instructions:  Give each child a red (false) and green (true) card.  Instruct them to hold up the red card if the answer is false and green card if it's true.

True or False:
  1. Smoke alarms should be placed on every level of your home, outside each sleeping area and inside every bedroom. TRUE. It’s also helpful if the smoke alarms are interconnected, so when one goes off, they all go off.
  2. Smoke alarms should be tested once a year. FALSE. Smoke alarms should be tested at least one a month to make sure they are in good working order and batteries should be replaced at least once a year.
  3. The 4 things to tell a 911 operator are:  What is your name, where is your emergency, what is the emergency and what is your phone number.  TRUE.  911 Operators need a lot of detail so help can quickly arrive.  If you don't know your address, memorize it!
  4. Every home should have a fire escape plan with at least 1 way out of every room. FALSE. Every home should have a fire escape plan, but it should have at least 2 ways out of every room.
  5. The best way to avoid a fire is to look for home hazards such as overloaded extension cords, careless smoking and candles too close to combustibles. TRUE. A home hazard checklist is a great way to make sure your home is safe.
  6. If you live on the 5th floor of an apartment building and can't get out, you should open a window and jump out.  FALSE.  It is best to open your window wide and yell for help.  If necessary, throw bedding or other soft items out the window to help get the attention of emergency personnel.
  7. If you wake up to the sound of a smoke alarm, you should go tell your mom or dad.  FALSE.  If you hear the smoke alarm or see or smell smoke, you should immediately get out of the house and go to your family meeting spot.
  8. Space heaters should be placed at least 3 feet from anything that can burn. TRUE. Space heaters should be used with caution. Keep them at least 3 feet away from anything that can burn (including you!), never use an extension cord to power it, and always turn it off before you leave the room.
  9. Every house should have a fire extinguisher. TRUE. But it’s up to a grown up to use it. In the case of a fire, kids need to get out of the house and go to their family meeting spot. Kids should never try to put out a fire, even with a fire extinguisher.